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Schoolhouse Construction Map

Where are the Rosenwald Schools Located? Do you know the location of a Rosenwald School in your area? Learn more about the 5,000 schools spread throughout 13 states.

Rosenwald Schools Background

Most Rosenwald School Alums are in their 60’s and 70’s. Graduates who were part of integration who watch their schools close are in their 50’s. Virtually all of those who are in their 50’s graduated from an integrated school system and left their Rosenwald Schools during their primary school years. Many African Americans who did not attend the rural schools attended their successor schools. To avoid integration in the 1950’s an effort was made to improve the black school system by consolidating the two and four room schools onto one campus. In some cases this involved moving the wooden buildings which contributed to their eventual disappearance… In other cases new building were built, many of which stand but have been abandoned as school facilities because the community had a bias against the schools as they were built in Black neighborhoods.

These schools were all connected to a state wide public education system managed by a large black public university. In Texas it was run by Prairie View, The PV Interscholastic League. It was as in the movie “A League of Our Own”. Many Rosenwald Schools went only to the 10th grade. Even if the school went all the way to the 12th grade the schools graduate were many times assumed to have an inferior education compared to blacks from the towns and cities. So Rosenwald grads were either required to take an entrance exam or were encouraged to finish their schooling in the 12th grade in a town school. Hermans mother and father went to Jaspers JH Rowe school in Jasper. Hermans mother and father graduated at the top of their class attesting to the quality of their Rosenwald School. The all black town school which was not Rosenwald School is a part of this story. The Long Black Line Foundation is committed to capturing the stories of these students because they fit into the mosaic of a unique time of a story almost forgotten.

The Long Black Line Organization is committed to retaining the history of this great movement. The stories of the graduates are crucial to remember. The Foundation will fund efforts to find and archive memorabilia from this era such as the trophies of winners of poetry contest by the PVIL. Herman entered the contest with his rendition of “Invictus’ in 1966.

View a copy of the original Julius Rosenwald Fund – Schoolhouse Construction Map (1932)

Mt Union

Mount Union, in southeast Texas is a historical Freedom Colony, one of at least 500 in Texas were started after 1865. The community exists today and consists after 1865. The community exists today and consists of approximately 2,000 acres which is sttil owned by the ancestors of those founders. Mount Union consist today of churches, a historically recognized cemetery, restored farm homes and farm land still in agricultural production after 140 years.

Near Mt Union are two Freedom Colonies with Rosenwald Schools that are in need of preservation. There are at least 30 such schools in Texas and 500 across the United States. For almost 40 years the school in Mt Union, Walnut Hill School educated a generation of children who left the community for the outside world. A significant number of those men went into the milltary.

Magnolia Springs – Mt. Union Community Historic Farms Estates

Magnolia Springs- “SPRING HILL” Community Cemetry (AKA Magnolia Springs Community Cemetery)